Robert Wilkoff DDS Blog

Dentistry Pennsylvania

Treatments for Gum Disease

January 21, 2014 @ 10:44 AM — by rwdds

Treatments for Gum DiseaseMany people take the gums for granted when it comes to overall dental health and wellness. In fact, the gums are absolutely crucial for having a healthy, beautiful smile. When you meet with a skilled cosmetic dentist, you can learn more about all of your options for advanced treatment of the gums.

Right now, we'd like to focus on some of the basics of gum disease treatment and help you understand why it's so important to keep your gums as healthy as possible. By knowing why this is so crucial, you'll be more aware of the problem and your various options for treatment and prevention.

What is gum disease?

Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease refers to the bacterial infection of the gums.

What causes gum disease?

The bacteria that causes gum disease is the natural oral bacteria found in the mouth. This is the same bacteria that is responsible for bad breath and tooth decay.

The best way to prevent gum disease from occurring is to brush and floss as directed by your dentist and to go to your dental checkups twice a year.

Stages and Symptoms of Gum Disease

There are three different stages of gum disease:

  • Gingivitis - The earliest stage of gum disease, gingivitis involves minor gum recession, bad breath, bleeding gums, and discolored gums.
  • Periodontitis - The next stage of gum disease, periodontitis involves the worsening of previous symptoms as well as tooth decay developing below the gumline, loose teeth, tooth misalignment, and gum soreness.
  • Advanced Periodontitis - The most advanced form of gum disease, advanced periodontitis involves further worsening of previous symptoms as well as potential tooth loss and the spread of the infection to other parts of the mouth.

Treating the Infection Itself

One of the crucial steps in any gum disease treatment is getting the infection of the gums under control. This is usually accomplished through a combination of antibiotics and antiseptic rinses. The exact form of treatment in this regard will depend on the severity/stage of gum disease that a patient faces.

Restoring the Gumline

Gum recession can expose the tooth roots to bacteria, resulting in further dental health problems down the road. It's important that the gumline be restored through the use of grafting. Soft tissue grafts or donor soft tissue will be stitched along the gumline so that the gums can be fully restored.

Addressing the Other Damage Caused By Gum Disease

Since gum disease can affect more than just the gums, it's essential that various issues with the teeth be addressed as well. Any tooth decay that occurred beneath the gumline will be addressed, and any advanced issues with dental heath will be considered as well. Sometimes the best option to consider in cases of major tooth decay or gum disease is the extraction of a tooth. This will be considered during a full mouth reconstruction consultation.

Learn More About Advanced Dental Care Treatment

If you would like to learn more about gum disease and how you can have your overall dental health and wellness improved, be sure to contact our Northeast Philadelphia dental care center today. The entire team here looks forward to meeting you in person and helping you achieve a beautiful, healthy smile.